Its World Stroke Day..so it might be timely to reiterate what I consider the most important point in handling someone who is suspected of suffering from ‘brain attack‘ – acting FAST.
Of the four points, perhaps the last is most crucial in determining the chances of survival and the probability of recovery. Every second delayed in receiving treatment means more brain cells die . The thing about the brain is once cells die, they do not get replaced, unlike other organs in the body like the liver.
Nowadays, its possible to dissolve the clot causing the stroke (the ischemic variety, not the bleeding form) by injecting a clot-dissolving medicine into the veins; but to re-emphasize, time is of utmost importance.
One might wonder – how do you prevent stroke in the first place?
A study conducted in England by four researchers, one of whom came from Malaysia and was a classmate of mine, showed quite conclusively that one could reduce the chances of getting stroke by 50% if one adopted the following measures:
- not smoking
- being physically active
- limiting their alcohol intake to not more than 14 units a week
- fruit and vegetable intake of at least five servings a day.
Apart from the above, it is well-known that the presence of the following risk-factors also predispose to stroke: high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, atrial fibrillation (irregular heart-beats), heart disease and certain blood diseases which cause clotting.
As they say, prevention is better than cure.
- Atrial Fibrillation – Part 1 – What is it? (myheartnet.wordpress.com)